What is it? Nearsightedness, or myopia, means you are ‘sighted’ for ‘near’. Objects will be clear up close, but distance objects will be blurry and out of focus. It can be mild, moderate, or severe.
- What causes it? Most commonly, it is due to the natural shape of the eye or the eye being longer than average. Less often, it can be caused by changes in the lens or cornea. Basically, the light rays enter the eye and focus in front of the retina instead of at the retina.
- What symptoms will you notice? The main symptom is that objects appear blurry in the distance. If you can read the newspaper just fine, but have trouble seeing to drive or watching TV, you probably have myopia. You also may notice yourself squinting to try to see better.
- How is it diagnosed? A visit to your eye care provider, such as an optometrist or ophthalmologist, for a routine eye exam can show if you are nearsighted.
- How is it treated? Nearsightedness is correctable with glasses or contact lenses. Refractive surgery, such as LASIK or PRK, can also be used to treat nearsightedness.
Keep in mind: Nearsightedness is not a disease and your eye can be healthy and normal otherwise!